portupgradeis a tool that allows you to upgrade ports on your FreeBSD system. It has its faults, and it doesn’t always work (see below), but its about as close as you can get on FreeBSD to a ‘one-click’ upgrade.
There are other tools for doing upgrades, and several (includingportupgradeare outlined in the FreeBSD handbook.
Before the Upgrade
Think about updating the base system. See the FreeBSD – Stable Upgrade page, or do a binary update.
Prepare to Upgrade
First, make sure the ports tree and index file are up-to-date. You can do this via portsnap.
Upgrade the ports tree with portsnap:
portsnap fetch portsnap extract (only needed the first time you run portsnap) portsnap update
Once the ports are up to do, you should backup the package database:
tar cvfz ~/pkg_db_backup.tar.gz /var/db/pkg
Run an audit:
Then, update the package database:
If the database is corrupted, fix it:
Look at the packages that need to be updated (note that portversion uses the ports index file, so you need to make sure you ran portsdb -Fu earlier to get the latest file):
portversion -v | grep -v up-to-date
To see the full list, do:
If you would prefer to check your ports against an actual can of the ports tree, you can use pkg_version instead of portsversion:
Doing it this way is a lot slower than using portversion
Doing the Upgrade
First, figure out if any packages need to be upgraded manually. There isn’t really any good way of doing this that I’ve figured out, but I’ve made a list of packages I’ve had problems with below. Feel free to add to it.
Next, do the actual update. You can do this one of two ways: either do a fully automatic upgrade, or do the upgrade bit-by-bit. The latter is STRONGLY recommended, as it allows you to go slowly and test things. The fully automatic upgrade will break things, and may take a lot of time to fix.
Do it all at once:
If you do decide to do this, you will want to use the -x option to exclude packages that shouldn’t be upgraded automatically (see below), or upgrade those packages manually first.
Do it one package at a time:
portupgrade -Rv <pkgname>
The -R is optional; it will upgrade all the packages that <pkgname> depends on.
After the Upgrade
Run portsclean -PCDL to clean up old ports, libraries, distfiles and packages.
Then, reboot and then check /var/log/messages for any errors. Also check that all expected services are working on the box.
Updating Multiple Servers
On the first server you do the upgrade on, do:
Create the /usr/ports/packages directory if it doesn’t exist already
portupgrade -p -aRv This will build packages for each port in /usr/ports/packages
tar up the contents of the packages directory, and copy it to another server:cd /usr/ports/packages; tar cvfz ~/packages_030309.tar.gz *
Once logged into the other server, use portupgrade -P -aRv to install the ports using the packages you’ve made.